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Folder Genetic resources

Protection of genetic resources and access to and sharing of benefits is a central issue in the Biordiversity Convention. The term genetic resources includes the assembled genetic band, which a population of individuals have together and the genetic mass which each single individual has. The interest of genetic resources includes livestock, cultivated plants, trees and bushes and fish, as well as wild living species. Globally the main emphasis is to ensure developing countries rights and access to their own genetic resources.

In Denmark the interest is particularly committed to the resources in the existing races and varieties and to ensure that none of especially the old resources, which have been here for a very long time, disappears. Several ministries and institutions and many private associations or private animal owners and cultivators of plants are envolved in the genetic aspects.

There are many ways to clarify genetic varities. Most common it is about sub species, races, varieties and sorts, which shall be recognizable and stable though generations under different conditions. With the use of molecular techniques it is possible to identify genetic variety more exactly and then define individuals within the same race or variety. Molecular genetic analysis are therefore being used still more to create an overview of the genetic variety in and among populations to see if they are allied, how close the alliance is and if there have been cross-breeding. It is essential to how the genetic resources can be preserved in the future. Until now only a few numbers of species and populations have been examined. Most examinations have been done on livestock and cultivated plants and eventually also on wild living species.

There will gradually be added a number of links to such activities here.

URL Protected genetic resources
URL The committee of genetic resources (Danish livestock)
URL Application of molecular genetic markers in nature management (NERI)
URL Cooperation on breeding seedling orchards
URL EU's Committee on the Conservation, Characterization and Utilization of Genetic Resources in Agriculture
URL Nordic Council of Ministers - Genetic resources (in Danish)